Sorghum is a grass plant species of genus Sorghum (Poaceae) and possesses annual and perennial habits. Though northeast Africa is thought to be the home of Sorghum, the cultivation has expanded worldwide. Grain sorghum is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. Besides, phenotypic diversities of sorghum have added further values as fodder, sugar production, biofuel feedstock and so forth. Some sorghum varieties grow faster than others, some have sweet juice in its stem, some produce many seeds (grain), and some are tolerance to dry condition (drought tolerance).
Sorghum has a wide varieties even in the form of panicle alone.